Cuckoo Sandbox is a malware analysis system capable to outline the
behavior of a malware during its execution.
In order to generate such results, Cuckoo performs hooking of a number
of selected Windows functions, intercept their calls and after storing
the relevant informations and eventually performing additional actions,
returns the exection to the original code.
Until now it made use of latest Microsoft Detours Express. Part of the
work of this Google Summer of Code was to implement a custom hooking
engine to completely replace the old one.
The motivations for such change are essentially the following:
- Detours implements a single and very simple inline hook, consisting of
replacing the first bytes of the functions with a JMP to the new
"detouring" function. Consequently it can be very easily detected by
just checking for the E9 opcode as following:
addr = GetProcAddress(LoadLibraryA("kernel32.dll"), "CreateFileW");
if(*(BYTE *)addr == 0xE9) // Hook detected
- For some mysterious reasons, the non-commercial "Express" version of
Microsoft Detours requires the load of "detoured.dll", which is an empty
library providing nothing but an additional detection vector.
- We wanted more freedom of action, and Detours' license is limiting and
vague in certain aspects.
Here comes cHook, a new and dedicated hooking engine built to face these
CHook behaves just like Microsoft Detours, it provides usermode inline
hooking functionalities for Win32 in a very easy fashion, but brings
something more: it allows the developer to implement any kind of
trampoline code he wants, making every build unique.
At current stage, by default, cHook implements the following:
At load time, for each function cHook randomly selects a trampoline
across the ones compiled.
Figure 1: cHook using the MOV EAX,JMP EAX code in the CreateFileW
Figure 2: cHook using the PUSH, RET code in the CreateProcessW Function.
CHook provides a more transparent, open source, customizable solution
for inline hooking needs. It has already been implemented in Cuckoo
Sandbox workflow and proved to fit perfectly.
The remaining time for this Google Summer of Code 2011 will be spent to
implement self-protection technologies in order to decrease even more
current detection vectors.